What is hydatidosis?
Hydatidosis is a zoonosis caused by parasites housed in the small intestine of dogs. The cycle of the disease begins when the dogs are fed with the raw or undercooked entrails of ruminant animals slaughtered domestically. When the dog defecates, it contaminates the soil. The parasite enters the body of the human being when he eats poorly washed vegetables, drinks contaminated water, or is in contact with the mouth of an infected dog.
This disease can be prevented. The regular vermifuge treatment of dogs, the improvement of hygiene during slaughter and public education campaigns reduce transmission and alleviate the burden of human morbidity that this disease produces.
How is it treated?
Cysts produced by hydatidosis can be treated with medications and, in some cases, surgically operated. But, since the disease usually goes unnoticed for years and is potentially fatal, timely diagnosis is of fundamental importance.
What does Fundación Mundo Sano do for hydatidosis?
To address hydatidosis, we work on prevention, diagnosis and treatment, developing programs and projects aligned with our three pillars: translational research, knowledge dissemination and public-private cooperation.
In partnership with public organizations and NGOs, we promote a comprehensive approach to this disease through the Early Detection of Cystic Echinococcosis program in peri-urban neighborhoods or rural areas of the provinces of Santiago del Estero and Chaco; the Ultrasound Register of Hydatidosis in students of the initial level of the location of Alto la Sierra (Salta); and we give training courses to professionals for the ultrasound detection of hepatic hydatidosis in schoolchildren.
In research, we carry out the project of “Comprehensive Approach to Hydatidosis in Provinces of the Argentine Republic: Species and Genotypes of circulating Echinococcus and Early Detection in Humans”, in collaboration with the Parasitology Laboratory of the National Administration of Laboratories and Health Institutes (ANLIS) “Carlos G. Malbrán” and Laboratorios ELEA Phoenix S.A.