There are two types of leishmaniasis: cutaneous and visceral. Cutaneous leishmaniasis causes serious and multiple skin lesions and visceral leishmaniasis damages various organs (especially the liver and the spleen) and can lead to death. They can affect humans and animals, both domestic and wild. They do not spread among people, or from animals to people: the transmission occurs when the insect bites an animal or a person infected and then bites a healthy person.
Research and prevention in strategic areas
Mundo Sano works in rural and urban areas of strategic points in Argentina, where activities of monitoring of vectors are carried out for further research in its laboratories. It also draws risk maps and performs diagnosis on dogs that live with humans in endemic areas.
In 2013, Mundo Sano and Universidad de Tucumán – both members of the Research Network for Leishmaniasis (REDILA)- were responsible for an unprecedented finding: they found Lutzomyialongipalpis, the visceral leishmaniasis vector, in the outskirts of Tartagal, Salta. Both institutions reported the results of the research to provincial and national authorities and a working plan was designed to get to know the level of risk of urban transmission of Lu longipalpis in the region.
Likewise, in Clorinda and Pampa del Indio, mapping and control actions are also carried out. The data collected is shared and transferred onto a national map elaborated by the Research Network for Leishmaniasis in Argentina (REDILA) and the National Program for Leishmaniasis of the Ministry of Health of the Nation.